Collage of 1850's Commissioners' Deed Poll Plans
This is a collage of 1850's plans of properties along Sea Wall (Valley Wall),
that 'emblazoned'...Wm.Edwards is the Divers' storehouse(Stag) and was -
Deane and Edwards' store.
(Edwards died of cholera in the Crimea, 1855... see Dr John Bevan's book 'The Infernal Diver')
The Oyster Company's storehouse was bought-
or rented from Kemp (They later bought the Dredgermans Arms from Flint&Co who Owned it in the 1880s)
(Looking at a number of these plans by Thos.Thurston, drainage Board surveyor, his graphic convention was to number the property subject of the Deed Poll (sale of frontage)- leaving blank any associated/appurtenant stores - whilst nominating properties to either side)
It was alleged in Court that the dotted line running down through the middle of the properties... represented the line of the extent seaward, of development in 1860... i.e. an assumption that all entities to seaward were vacant plots... In particular the Structure shown that became...The Stag Public House...
What lay beyond the dotted line was presumed - "undeveloped 'seabeach' "
- onto which, the Pub was -
'l a t e r - e x t e n d e d'
Similarly- the storehouse of Edwards was supposed built on a vacant plot - post the above 1853 Deed plan, i.e. that the above represented just vacant plots yet to be developed.
Possibly it was thought the dotted line represented an old high water mark...
The 25ft indicated dimension represents the extent seawards of the structure of the Commissioners of Sewers' 'Old Sea Wall', the source of their "right title" to the frontages belonging to them all along the 'Old Sea Wall' (valley wall).
The Old Seawall was an earth/clay structure over 50ft wide and the 12ft road, Valley Wall, now called Sea Wall, retained by the Commissioners, runs along its top. The Commissioners in their deed polls rebutted the legal presumption for grant to the centre of the road, the datum of the 25ft measurement, but did not rebut any other legal presumption i.e. properties adjacent to the sea owning down to the MHWM. Similarly ownership would extend to the centre of adjacent passageways. The passage was said conveyed in 1946.
Owners of land and buildings on The Wall were granted by the the Commissioners not only the 'side of the wall' but also "ALL right title and interest in and to" these frontages @...5 shillings per ft-run of 'Frontage' and rights on the foreland- Thus securing buildings against the Board's right to demand demolition for the purposes of maintenance of the wall or other civil works .
Left is the Margin Plan off the 1853 Deed Poll,whereby Deane and Edwards Bought an 18ft 6in wide section @...£4 12s 6d of the Side of the Seawall i.e. frontage Title rights AND also ALL the right title in and to....
On this 1853 Drainage Board plan for 'Stag' the 25ft dimension arrows are somewhat indistinct, although the text of the document, of which the plan is a part, makes it plain that this dimension is taken... from the centre of the 12ft wide road.
Land Registry, at first registration for Stag in 1971 created plans scaled as though... the...25ft dimension... was from the road verge. (although it seems clear above, on the Dredgerman's Arms plan, that the dimension arrows are from the road verge, they have been manipulated... on the original, arrows go to the centre of Valley wall, the later ochre crayoning fails to obscure the truth)
Land Registry plans were later
used by the claimant and the surveyor to the court in alleging
the existence of a...'Structural Break' or join
in the timbers of the cottage... ...Viz. Lap joints in 1st floor ceiling joists that were
about... 25ft bin from the inside of the front wall of the cottage...
Were said to...align with the supposed position of ...
the extension ...at the dotted line.
Clearly, any such 'joints' would be located at 19ft from the front of the building...
(there is a similar feature symmetrically positioned at the roadward end too)....
But...the ridge beam, wall plates and sole plates are single 33ft pieces of timber.
In the 19th c. Whitstable was a boat building centre and long baulks of timber were easily available, in fact the structure of Stag demonstrates the re-use of old masts. Deane and Edwards salvaged many ships.
Like all timber buildings there are lots of joints.
There is no evidence whatsoever of foundations...
at what would have been any supposed ... original...
Old Gable End Wall... There is no such 'join' or feature.